Writing a cover letter or in some countries refer to as a Introduction letter is very important to submit with your resume and/or Curriculum Vitae as part of your application.
The layout refers to the way the words are set up on the page, including headings, spacing, and font. You want to use a layout that makes your letter both easy to read and professional.
Cover Letter Layout
The layout of your cover letter should be the same as a typical business letter.
Heading - The cover letter begins with your contact information, and/or then the employer’s contact information, if it's available.
Letter spacing - Properly space the layout of the cover letters you send, with space between the heading, the greeting, each paragraph, the closing, and your signature. Left-justify your entire letter.
Font and font size - When selecting a font, use a simple font like Arial, Verdana, Courier New, or any other font that is easy to read. Your font size should be between 10-pt and 12-pt as you don’t want the reader to squint reading the font.
Paragraphs - After a strong introductory sentence, include your passions, values and general outlook on life by considering aspects of yourself in these four areas:
Skills - What can you bring to a certain position or company? What have you trained in or mastered?
Attributes - What factors make you good at what you do?
Personal values - What values helped shape who you are today? What helped drive you to your current line of work?
Professional values - What do you value most in a company you work for? What goals do you have in your professional life?
You can include other pertinent details such as your current job title, the industry you work in and what your job duties cover. These details are also important for prospective employers searching for you on professional platforms.
Conclude your cover letter by thanking the employer for considering you for the position. Include information on how you will follow up with them regarding the status of your application.
Signature (hand written of typed)
References: https://www.thebalancecareers.com; https://www.indeed.com/career-advice